It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care, and tuition-free university education.It ranks 15th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 14th in the World Bank Human Capital Index ahead of countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France.The Protestant Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War.After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism, reimposed Catholicism, and adopted a policy of gradual Germanization.After Czechoslovakia dissolved in 1992, the new Czech state lacked a common English short name.
The traditional English name "Bohemia" derives from Latin "Boiohaemum", which means "home of the Boii".
In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, which was formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I.
Czechoslovakia was the only democracy in Central Europe during the interwar period.
It ranks as the seventh safest and most peaceful country and performs strongly in democratic governance.
The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union (EU) in 2004.